Diversity Monitoring Statistics 2012

Introduction

Monitoring is an essential part of our Equality Framework at the Solicitors Regulation Authority (SRA), helping us to ensure that we carry out our regulatory activities in a fair, proportionate and non-discriminatory way and are open and transparent about the way we work.

This report provides statistical data about key aspects of our regulatory activity for the calendar year 2012. The data is broken down by ethnicity, gender, age and disability. The disability data should be treated with some caution as there is still significant under reporting of disability in the profession.

To set the context for this regulatory data, the report starts with the full practising population and the population of partners. We have also completed some cross strand analysis for both groups, looking at the data broken down by age and gender, ethnicity and gender and ethnicity and age.

This is our fifth published annual statistics report and to allow for trend analysis, covers the same five regulatory areas covered in previous years. The first data set provides the number of solicitors reported to us for potential breaches of the Code of Conduct and the outcome of conduct investigations. This year we have also included data setting out the number of cases recorded against the firm rather than a specific individual. The following three data sets provide the number of partners in firms the SRA have closed down through our intervention powers, the number of solicitors referred by the SRA to the Solicitors' Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT) for disciplinary action and the number of solicitors who had conditions applied to their practising certificates. As in previous years, the final data set provides the number of solicitors subjected to regulatory action for failing to submit their accountants' reports by a certain date.

We have also provided a breakdown of those solicitors named against Conduct matters and Regulatory matters as a comparator population. This is reflective of the practising population who have had allegations against them reported to the SRA or applications that require further investigation.

We have set out the report as follows:

  • a summary of our findings;
  • summary tables, setting out in one place, a breakdown of the solicitors practising population and the comparator population alongside the data for each of the five regulatory activities covered;
  • a section explaining how to understand the data tables;
  • a breakdown of the solicitors practising population
  • a breakdown of solicitors at the level of partner or partner equivalent;
  • a breakdown of the comparator population and
  • data for each of the five regulatory activities covered in this report.

Summary of our findings

In our monitoring report for 2012, we have identified the following key findings:

Practising Population

The practising population includes solicitors on the roll who hold a current practising certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer. For convenience we have used the term 'practising population' throughout the report to refer to these groups.

The 'partner population' represents members of the practising population who are partners or partner equivalents. Partner equivalents are members of an LLP, directors of a company and sole practitioners. For convenience we have used the term 'partner population' throughout the report to refer to these groups.

  • The diversity of the practising population is increasing, with an increase in the number of Black and minority ethnic (BME) solicitors, female solicitors and the number of solicitors reporting a disability.
  • The partner population shows a similar trend to the practising population over the last three years with a gradual increase in the proportion of BME and female partners. There is a reduction in the proportion of younger partners.

Comparator population

The comparator population is made up of individuals involved in conduct matters reported to the SRA or individuals who have outstanding regulatory matters that require further investigation by the SRA. A breakdown of this population has been provided as this is likely to provide a more accurate basis for monitoring the impact of our regulatory decisions than the practising population as a whole.

Conduct matters

Conduct matters are opened when the SRA receives a report alleging there has been a breach of the Solicitors' Code of Conduct. We have reported the diversity breakdown of new conduct matters opened in 2012 involving individuals, and for the first time this year, the diversity breakdown of new conduct matters opened in the name of a firm.

  • In relation to the reports made to the SRA alleging breach of the Code of Conduct involving individuals, we again received a disproportionate number of reports against BME solicitors, male solicitors and solicitors over the age of 40.
  • In relation to the reports involving firms, looking at the practising population of these firms, there is a slightly lower proportion of BME and female solicitors working in these firms as compared to the practising population as a whole.
  • Looking at the outcomes of the conduct matters closed in 2012, we found that BME solicitors and male solicitors have proportionally fewer matters which are closed at the outset of the process. These 'summary closures' involve cases where the initial assessment indicates there is no evidence to support the allegation or the allegation is added to other existing conduct matters. BME solicitors and female solicitors have a slightly smaller proportion of conduct cases 'Upheld' compared respectively to white solicitors and female solicitors.

Interventions

An intervention is where the SRA takes control of a firm's practice which in most cases involves closing the firm - it is a regulatory power rather than a disciplinary outcome and is reserved for serious cases where there is a risk to clients' interests.

  • There was a continuing decrease in the number of BME solicitors involved in interventions which represents a slight under representation against the comparator population, although not against the practising population.
  • More male solicitors are involved in interventions than female solicitors.

Referrals to the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal

In more serious cases the SRA will refer a case for prosecution at the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT), an independent tribunal which has the power to strike off or suspend solicitors as well as fine and reprimand.

  • There was a continuing decrease in the number of BME solicitors being referred to the SDT and the proportion of BME solicitors is similar to the comparator population but is still higher than the practising population.

Late accountant reports

Firms are required to file annual accountants' reports and responsibility for this lies with all the partners in the firm. We have reported the diversity breakdown of all partners whose firms have not filed their accountants' reports in time and compared them to the overall partner population.

  • There was a higher number of BME partners and partners over 60 years of age in the late accountants report group than in the overall partner population.

Practising certificate conditions

Conditions can be placed on a solicitor's practising certificate or on registered European or Foreign Lawyers.

  • When compared to the comparator population there is no disproportionality in the imposition of practising conditions for BME solicitors.
  • There is over representation in the figures for male solicitors and solicitors over the age of 40 years old.

Summary Tables

The following summary tables allow for comparison of the proportion of individual solicitors involved in the five regulatory areas covered in the report, with the practising population and the comparator population. The comparator population is made up of all solicitors who have had allegations against them reported to the SRA or who have outstanding regulatory matters that require further investigation by the SRA. Further information about the comparator population is set out in the next section 'Understanding the data tables'. The data provided in the report about the outcomes of conduct matters closed in 2012 has been excluded because the tables in that section compare outcomes for each group against one another and cannot therefore be measured against the practising or the comparator population.

The percentages shown in the unshaded cells are calculated as a proportion of solicitors for whom equality data is known, not as a proportion of the whole practising population. The light grey cells provide a separate set of percentages, giving the proportion of the total whose group is either known or unknown. The darkest grey cells at the bottom provide the total actual number of individuals for each action.

SRA 2012 summary by ethnicity
Ethnicity Solicitor Population Comparator Population New Conduct Investigations Interventions Referrals to the SDT Late Accountants' Reports Practising Certificate Conditions
BME 14% 31% 27% 28% 32% 19% 31%
Asian 8% 19% 16% 19% 14% 12% 17%
Black 2% 8% 9% 8% 12% 4% 13%
Chinese 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 1% 0%
Mixed 1% 1% 1% 0% 3% 1% 0%
Other ethnic group 2% 1% 1% 0% 1% 1% 1%
White 86% 69% 73% 72% 68% 81% 69%
Ethnicity known 89% 86% 84% 77% 77% 89% 89%
Ethnicity not known 11% 14% 16% 23% 23% 11% 11%
Total individuals 132,876 6,215 2,356 42 180 673 303
SRA 2012 summary by gender
Gender Solicitor Population Comparator Population New Conduct Investigations Interventions Referrals to the SDT Late Accountants' Reports Practising Certificate Conditions
Female 47% 36% 28% 24% 27% 28% 19%
Male 53% 64% 72% 76% 73% 72% 81%
Gender known 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100%
Gender not known 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Total individuals 132,876 6,215 2,356 42 180 673 303
SRA 2012 summary by Age Band
Age Band Solicitor Population Comparator Population New Conduct Investigations Interventions Referrals to the SDT Late Accountants' Reports Practising Certificate Conditions
22-30 15% 15% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1%
31-40 35% 28% 21% 12% 17% 19% 12%
41-50 27% 25% 30% 40% 32% 32% 38%
51-60 16% 20% 28% 33% 30% 29% 31%
61-65 4% 7% 10% 2% 8% 13% 9%
65+ 3% 5% 8% 10% 11% 7% 9%
Age known 100% 99% 99% 100% 97% 100% 100%
Age not known 0% 1% 1% 0% 3% 0% 0%
Total individuals 132,876 6,215 2,356 42 180 673 303
SRA 2012 summary by disability
Disability Solicitor Population Comparator Population New Conduct Investigations Interventions Referrals to the SDT Late Accountants' Reports Practising Certificate Conditions
With Disability 1% 1% 1% 0% 0% 1% 2%
Total individuals 132,876 6,215 2,356 42 180 673 303

Understanding the data tables

The majority of data tables in this report are presented in a consistent format and show the following information:

  • The number of individuals from each equality group and the proportion that this represents of those of known ethnicity, gender or age
  • The proportion whose ethnicity, gender or age is unknown against the total.

We refer to 'known' and 'unknown' groups in the tables for ethnicity, gender and age to illustrate the proportion of individuals for whom we hold the data. The unknown group includes individuals who have expressly declined to provide the data when asked.

For the ethnicity tables we have set out figures for the Black and minority ethnic (BME) group as well as the five ethnicity categories which make up that group. For more detail about the ethnicity categories used in this report please see Appendix One.

Actual numbers are provided in the 'Total' column, with the percentage of the known group provided in brackets. Actual numbers are always supplied alongside percentages to avoid misinterpretation as it is not possible to draw reliable conclusions when the numbers are relatively small.

Graphs are included alongside the data tables. These provide an overview of the changes for each group for the years 2009 to 2012. These graphs exclude the unknown group. In the ethnicity tables the graphs show groups at binary level (BME and White).

An example of the data table layout is provided and further explained below:

New conduct matters by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 538 1 (27%) 2   graph example  
Asian 322 (16%)
Black 173 (9%)
Chinese 6 (0%)
Mixed 10 (1%)
Other ethnic group 27 (1%)
White 1,445 (73%)
Total of known Ethnicity 3   1,983
Ethnicity not known 4   373 (16%)
Total 5   2,356 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

1. Number of individuals

2. Percentage based on the known total: 358 / 1,983

3. Actual number of the known group, against which the above percentages are calculated

4. Actual number in the unknown group shown also as a percentage of the overall total

5. Overall total number of individuals

Based on the above table we find that (excluding those whose ethnicity is not known to us) 27% of individuals who were involved in new conduct matters are from BME groups (538 out of 1,983 of known ethnicity). The remaining 73% are in the white groups.

A total of 2,356 individuals were involved in new conduct matters opened in 2012 and we hold ethnicity data for 1,983 of these. We do not hold ethnicity data for 373 of these individuals which represent 16% of the total.

Closed Conduct / Outcomes tables

The Closed Conduct / Outcomes tables are different, setting out the numbers as a proportion of each individual group rather than the whole known practising population. In the example shown below, it can be seen that 111 conduct investigations which were upheld involved men, which represents 16% of the total number of investigations involving men (703). In addition to these 703 investigations involving men, there were 267 complaints about men which were closed at the outset (summary closure) representing 27% of all cases which were summary closed.

Conduct investigations closed 2012 by Gender
Gender A: Summary Closed A + B + C: Total B: Upheld C: Not upheld B + C: Total
No. % Summary Closed   No. No. % upheld   No. % not upheld   No.
Female 110 33% 329 31 14% 188 86% 219
Male 267 27% 970 111 16% 592 84% 703
Unknown 0 0%   1 1 100%   0 0%   1
Total 377 29%   1,300 143 15%1   780 85%1   923

1. Percentages are shown for each group - % upheld and % not upheld which total 100% for each group

Practising Population - Cross Strand Charts

This year we have included Practising Population - Cross Strand Charts. These charts and the associated tables, show the make up of the practising population by two different diversity strands. The tables which provide the data for the cross strand charts show the number of individuals in each category and the percentages shown are a percentage of the column total. The table below shows that there are 12,579 female solicitors aged 22 -30 years old and that 20% of the female practising population are aged 22-30 years old (12,579 / 61,774 x100).

Conduct investigations closed 2012 by Gender
Practising Population
by Age & Gender
Female Male Total known
Gender
22 – 30 12,579 1 (20%) 2   7,246 (10%) 19,825
31 – 40 25,843 (42%) 20,583 (29%) 46,426
41 – 40 15,194 (25%) 19,867 (28%) 35,061
51 – 40 6,844 (11%) 14,809 (21%) 21,653
61 – 40 965 (2%) 4,882 (7%) 5,847
65+ 306 (0%) 3,151 (4%) 3,457
Total of known Age 61,731 70,538 132,269
Age not known 43 (0%) 176 (0%) 219
Total 61,774 70,714 132,488

1. Number of individuals

2. Percentage based on the female total

Partner Population - Cross Strand Charts

We have also included Partner Population - Cross Strand Charts which are set out differently to the Practising Population - Cross Strand Charts in order to present the information as clearly as possible. These tables show the partner population by two different diversity strands. The number of partners is shown in each category e.g. males of a certain age. The percentages reflect the proportion of solicitors in each category who are partners. The table below shows that there are 171 male solicitors aged 22 - 30 years old and 2% of the male practising population who are aged 22-30 years old are partners (171 / 7,246 x100).

Population of partners by age and gender"
Age Female % of Female Solicitors
who are partner/equivalent
Male % of Male Solicitors
who are partner/equivalent
22 – 30 164 1   1% 2   171 2%
31 – 40 2,827 11% 4,895 24%
41 – 40 4,280 28% 10,486 53%
51 – 40 2,466 36% 8,827 60%
61 – 40 342 35% 2,529 52%
65+ 92 30% 1,232 39%
Total of known Age 10,171 16% 28,140 40%
Age not known 34 79% 152 86%
Total 10,205 17% 28,292 40%

1. Number of individuals

2. Percentage based on the number of female solicitors in that age group

New Conduct Matters - Firms tables

This year we have produced data for Conduct matters which involve firms and have therefore included New Conduct Matters - Firms tables. Rather than allocating an individual firm a specific diversity category (determined by the classification of the majority of its practising solicitors),we have taken all practising solicitors working at a firm when the matter was created and totalled these details for all the firms. The table below shows that 2,808 firms were involved in conduct matters created in 2012. 77,773 solicitors worked for these firms, of which 7,914 or 11% were BME.

New Conduct Matters by Ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 total
Firms 2,808 1  
Solicitors
BME 7,914 (11%)
White 63,246 (89%) 2  
Total of known Age 63,246
Age not known 6,613 (9%)
Total 77,773 3  

1. The number of firms investigated in the conduct matters

2. The proportion of solicitors within that equality category

3. The number of solicitors working at the firm

Comparison with the practising population

  • We have provided statistics about the practising population as a useful reference point when looking at the outcomes of our regulatory activity. The practising population includes solicitors who are on the roll and hold a current practising certificate, Registered European and Registered Foreign lawyers and Exempt European Lawyers. Our regulatory data covers all individuals within the scope of our regulatory powers and so will additionally include individuals on the roll who do not have a practising certificate and individuals who work for a solicitors firm.
  • We need to be cautious about drawing conclusions from comparing the equality breakdown for regulatory decisions, with the equality breakdown of the practising population. It is almost inevitable that there will be some disproportionality in the outcomes of our regulatory activities because the makeup of solicitors who are reported to us does not necessarily reflect the makeup of the practising population. Therefore, we have provided the equality breakdown of what we refer to as the 'comparator population' made up of those solicitors who have had allegations against them reported to the SRA or have regulatory applications or matters that require further investigation.

Data relating to individuals and data relating to 'matters'

  • The data presented in this report relates to those individuals that have been recorded for each case (or 'matter') dealt with by the SRA. A single matter can relate to one or more individuals who may be from different equality groups and may be subject to different investigation outcomes. In some cases, there will be no individual recorded against a conduct file (most commonly amongst those closed quickly due to lack of evidence of misconduct). There may also be several matters open in relation to a single individual.
  • The majority of tables in this report do not take into consideration multiple matters for the same individual. Whether an individual is subject to one or four conduct investigations, they are only counted once. This is in contrast to the outcomes tables where each individual is counted under each matter where they are listed as a subject individual in order that we can provide a breakdown by outcome. The notes for each section explain what the data represents.

Key findings

Where appropriate 'Key Findings' will be drawn from the data tables and graphs provided and presented within a light blue box. These 'Key Findings' may identify where there is a continuous trend, where an exception to a trend has occurred, or where there appears to be disproportionality.

Practising Population

The 2012 practising population data is based on population makeup at the end of 2012.

Data tables

The tables provide the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the known practising population.

Practising population by Ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 16,783 (14%) Graph showing population / ethnicity change over past three years  
Asian 9,413 (8%)
Black 2,645 (2%)
Chinese 1,327 (1%)
Mixed 1,480 (1%)
Other ethnic group 1,918 (2%)
White 101,559 (86%)
Total of known Ethnicity 118,342
Ethnicity not known 14,534 (11%)
Total 132,876 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Practising population by gender
Gender 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 61,774 (47%) Graph showing population / gender changes over the past three years  
Male 70,714 (53%)
Total of known Gender 132,488
Gender not known 388(0%)
Total 132,876 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Practising population by age
Age 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 19,839 (15%) Graph showing the changes in population / age over the past three years  
31—40 46,559 (35%)
41—50 35,203 (27%)
51—60 21,717 (16%)
61—65 5,857 (4%)
65+ 3,469 (3%)
Total of known Age 132,644
Age not known 232 (0%)
Total 132,876 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

The data held on solicitors' disability status is limited. We have changed the tables and graphs from last year so we can more clearly show the number of solicitors reporting a disability.

Practising population by disability Status
Disability Status 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 1,366 (1%) Graph showing changes in population / disability over the past three years  
Total 132,876 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The graphs above indicate that over the last 3 years there has been a gradual increase in the proportion of BME solicitors within the profession, which has increased by 0.7% this year. There has also been a gradual increase in the proportion of female solicitors over the last 3 years. The proportion of young solicitors (aged 22-30) has fallen over the last 3 years. The proportion of solicitors reporting a disability is increasing.

Practising Population – Cross Strand Charts

The 2012 practising population data is based on population makeup at the end of 2012.

Data table

The table below provides the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the total practising population for each gender.

Practising population by age and gender
Age Female Male Total known Gender
22—30 12,579 (20%) 7,246 (10%) 19,825
31—40 25,843 (42%) 20,583 (29%) 46,426
41—50 15,194 (25%) 19,867 (28%) 35,061
51—60 6,844 (11%) 14,809 (21%) 21,653
61—65 965 (2%) 4,882 (7%) 5,847
65+ 306 (0%) 3,151 (4%) 3,457
Total of known Age 61,731 70,538 132,269
Age not known 43 (0%) 176 (0%) 219
Total 61,774 70,714 132,488
Solicitor Age Distribution by Gender
Bar chart showing ratio of men to women by age  

Key findings

The above graph illustrates the age distribution of male and female solicitors with the profession. This shows that there are proportionally more younger female solicitors than male solicitors. 62% of female solicitors are 40 or under, compared to 39% of male solicitors.

Data table

The table below provides the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the total practising population for each gender.

Practising population by ethnicity and gender
Ethnicity Male Female Combined Gender
BME 9,424 (17%) 7,359 (12%) 16,783
Asian 5,065 (9%) 4,348 (7%) 9,413
Black 1,631 (3%) 1,014 (2%) 2,645
Chinese 795 (1%) 532 (1%) 1,327
Mixed 886 (2%) 594 (1%) 1,480
Other 1047 (2%) 871 (1%) 1,918
White 47,439 (83%) 54,210 (88%) 101,559
Total of known Ethnicity 56,773 61,569 118,342
Ethnicity not known 5,001 (8%) 9,145 (15%) 14,146
Total 61,774 70,714 132,488
Practising Population by Ethnicity & Gender
Bar chart showing ratio of men to women by ethnicity  

Key findings

The above graph shows that where ethnicity is known there is a greater proportion of female BME solicitors than male BME solicitors and this contrasts with white solicitors where there are more males than females.

Data table

The table below provides the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the total practising population for each ethnicity group.

Practising population by age and ethnicity
Age BME White Combined known Ethnicity
22—30 3,429 (20%) 15,463 (15%) 18,892
31—40 7,614 (45%) 34,225 (34%) 41,839
41—50 4,179 (25%) 26,356 (26%) 30,535
51—60 1,274 (8%) 17,648 (17%) 18,922
61—65 162 (1%) 4,974 (5%) 5,136
65+ 123 (1%) 2,889 (3%) 3,012
Total of known Age 16,781 101,555 118,336
Age not known 2 (0%) 4 (0%) 6
Total 16,783 101,559 118,342
Solicitor Age Distribution by Ethnicity
Bar chart showing ratio of bme to white solicitors by age  

Key findings

The above graph illustrates the age distribution of BME and white solicitors within the profession. The graph shows that there are proportionally more younger BME solicitors than white solicitors. 65% of BME solicitors are 40 or under, compared to 49% of white solicitors.

Partner Population

The following tables provide additional information in terms of how the partner population is made up, showing the proportions of individuals within each group who were partners/partner equivalents as at 31 December 2012. Partner equivalents are members of an LLP, directors of a company and sole practitioners. All partners are counted regardless of the size of firm where they work so sole practitioners are included alongside partners in large city firms.

Data tables

Each individual is counted once

Practising partner or equivalent population by ethnicity
Ethnicity   % who are partner / equivalent
BME 22%
Asian 24%
Black 21%
Chinese 13%
Mixed 11%
Other ethnic group 25%
White 29%
Ethnicity not known 40%
Total 29%
Practising partner or equivalent population by gender
Gender   % who are partner / equivalent
Female 17%
Male 40%
Total 29%
Practising partner or equivalent population by age
Age   % who are partner / equivalent
22—30 2%
31—40 17%
41—50 42%
51—60 52%
61—65 49%
65+ 38%
Age not known 85%
Total 29%
Practising partner or equivalent population by disability
Disability   % who are partner / equivalent
With Disability 22%
Total 29%

Data tables

The tables provide the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer and are a partner or partner equivalent. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the known partner population.

Practising partner or equivalent population by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 3,633 (11%) Graph showing the number of BME vs White partners over the past four years  
Asian 2,268 (7%)
Black 548 (2%)
Chinese 167 (1%)
Mixed 162 (0%)
Other ethnic group 488 (1%)
White 29,319 (89%)
Total of known Ethnicity 32,952
Ethnicity not known 5,786 (15%)
Total 38,738 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Practising partner or equivalent population by gender
Gender 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 10,205 (27%) Graph showing the number of Male vs Female partners over the past three years  
Male 28,292 (73%)
Total of known Gender 38,497
Gender not known 241 (1%)
Total 38,738 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Practising partner or equivalent population by age
Age 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 335 (1%) Graph showing the age of partners over the past three years  
31—40 7,801 (20%)
41—50 14,869 (39%)
51—60 11,335 (29%)
61—65 2,876 (7%)
65+ 1,324 (3%)
Total of known Age 38,540
Age not known 198 (1%)
Total 38,738 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Practising partner or equivalent population by disability
Disability Status 2012 population   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 295 (1%) Graph showing the number of disabled partners over the past three years  
Total 38,738 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The partner population shows a similar trend to the practising population over the last 3 years with a gradual increase in the proportion of BME and female partners and a reduction in the proportion of younger partners.

Partner Population – Cross Strand Charts

The 2012 partner population data is based on population makeup at the end of 2012

Data tables

The tables provide the total number of solicitors on the roll who hold a current Practising Certificate or are a Registered European Lawyer, a Registered Foreign Lawyer or an Exempt European Lawyer and are a partner or partner equivalent. The actual numbers are also shown as a percentage of the known practising population for each category, i.e. the percentage of solicitors within each category who are partner equivalent.

Population of partners by age and gender"
Age Female % of Female Solicitors who are partner / equivalent Male % of Male Solicitors who are partner / equivalent
22—30 164 1% 171 2%
31&—40 2,827 11% 4,895 24%
41—50 4,280 28% 10,486 53%
51—60 2,466 36% 8,827 60%
61—65 342 35% 2,529 52%
65+ 92 30% 1,232 39%
Total of known Age
 
10,171 16% 28,140 40%
Age not known
 
34 79% 152 86%
Total 10,205 17% 28,292 40%
Percentage Partner Equivalent by Age & Gender
Bar chart showing percentage of BME vs White solicitors by age  

Key findings

The above table and graph show that a higher proportion of male solicitors are in the partner population compared to female solicitors. This is the case across all age bands.

Population of partners by ethnicity and gender
Ethnicity Female % of Female Solicitors who are partner / equivalent Male % of Male Solicitors who are partner / equivalent
BME 1,305 14% 2,328 32%
Asian 789 16% 1,479 34%
Black 237 15% 311 31%
Chinese 67 8% 100 19%
Mixed 65 7% 97 16%
Other 147 14% 341 39%
White 7,843 17% 21,476 40%
Total of known Ethnicity 9,148 16% 23,804 39%
Ethnicity not known 1,057 21% 4,488 49%
Total 10,205 17% 28,292 40%
Percentage Partner Equivalent by Ethnicity & Gender
Bar chart showing percentage of ethnicity by age  

Key findings

The above table and graph show that for each ethnic group there is a higher proportion of male solicitors than female solicitors in the partner population.

Partner Population – Cross Strand Charts

Population of partners by ethnicity and age
Age BME % of BME Solicitors who are partner / equivalent White % of White Solicitors who are partner / equivalent
22—30 94 3% 231 1%
31—40 1,289 17% 5,387 16%
41—50 1,500 36% 11,051 42%
51—60 607 48% 9,161 52%
61—65 87 54% 2,419 49%
65+ 55 45% 1,070 37%
Total of known Age
 
3,632 22% 29,319 40%
Age not known
 
1 50% 0 -
Total 3,633 22% 29,319 29%
Percentage Partner Equivalent by Ethnicity & Age
Bar chart showing percentage of BME vs White Partners by age  

Key findings

The above graph illustrates the age distribution of BME and white solicitors. Although the proportion of white solicitors in the partner population is greater in the middle age bands (41 to 60), the proportion of BME solicitors in the partner population is greater for both the younger and the older age bands.

Comparator Population (Conduct & Regulatory Matters)

The tables and graphs below provide the equality breakdown of those solicitors named against Conduct matters and Regulatory matters. Conduct matters are predominantly created from allegations of misconduct from the profession itself, other regulatory or enforcement agencies, or from members of the public (referred to as lay informants). Regulatory matters can be created due to allegations from external parties but are also created as a result of our interaction with the practising population in the course of our regulatory activities including the processing of regulatory applications.

This information has been provided in order to provide a more accurate comparator population than the whole practising population.

Data tables

The tables that follow give a breakdown of individuals who were investigated against a Conduct or Regulatory matter. Each individual is counted once even if they appear in multiple investigations.

Conduct matters groupd by ethnicity
Conduct & regulatory matters by Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 1,642 (31%)  
Asian 994 (19%)
Black 442 (8%)
Chinese 51 (1%)
Mixed 75 (1%)
Other ethnic group 80 (1%)
White 3,719 (69%)
Total of known Ethnicity 5,361
Ethnicity not known 854 (14%)
Total 6,215 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Conduct matters grouped by gender
Conduct & regulatory matters by Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 2,258 (36%)  
Male 3,957 (64%)
Total of known Gender 6,215
Gender not known 0
Total 6,215 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Conduct matters grouped by age
Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 895 (15%)  
31­—40 1,753 (28%)
41—50 1,562 (25%)
51—60 1,252 (20%)
61—65 406 (7%)
65+ 296 (5%)
Total of known Age 6,164
Age not known 51 (1%)
Total 6,215 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Conduct matters grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 58 (1%)  
Total 6,215 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The data tables above indicate that there is disproportionality in the incidence of misconduct and regulatory breaches being considered by the SRA when compared to the total practising population. For the last 3 years there has been an over representation of BME solicitors, male solicitors and solicitors over the age of 40 in Conduct and Regulatory matters.

There have been some changes in the comparator population as compared to 2011, with a slight increase in the proportion of BME solicitors and female solicitors involved in Conduct and Regulatory matters this year. The proportion of younger solicitors involved in Conduct & Regulatory matters has increased considerably this year, which we suspect is due to a change in our processes which means we are now including some of the applications made by students as Regulatory matters.

New Conduct Matters - Individuals

Every time that we receive information alleging that there has been a breach of the Solicitors' Code of Conduct, a new 'conduct matter' is opened. Conduct matters may involve individuals or firms. This year, as well as looking at the breakdown of individuals involved in new conduct matters, we have introduced tables for new conduct matters involving firms. These tables provide the equality data of the practising population who working at these firms.

The first set of tables below show the number of individuals involved in new conduct matters opened in 2012. The next set of tables show the equality makeup of the firms involved in new conduct matters opened in 2012. To avoid counting individuals and firms more than once, matters are included in the tables for individuals when at least one individual has been identified. If no individuals are named in the matter, the matter is included in the tables for firms.

These tables show only the new conduct matters opened for 2012, the outcomes of conduct investigations which were closed during 2012 are shown later in this report.

Data tables

The tables that follow give a breakdown of individuals who were investigated. Each individual is counted once even if they appear in multiple investigations.

Conduct matters grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 538 (27%)  
Asian 322 (16%)
Black 173 (9%)
Chinese 6 (0%)
Mixed 10 (1%)
Other ethnic group 27 (1%)
White 1,445 (73%)
Total of known Ethnicity 1,983
Ethnicity not known 373 (16%)
Total 2,356 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
New conduct matters grouped by gender
Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 648 (28%)  
Male 1,708 (72%)
Total of known Gender 2,356
Gender not known 0
Total 2,356 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
New conduct matters grouped by age
New conduct matters by Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 67 (3%)  
31—40 500 (21%)
41—50 688 (30%)
51—­60 648 (28%)
61—65 237 (10%)
65+ 189 (8%)
Total of known Age 2,329
Age not known 27 (1%)
Total 2,356 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
New conduct matters grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 28 (1%)  
Total 2,356 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The proportion of new Conduct matters in 2012 involving individuals remain similar to the proportions in 2011 for ethnicity, gender and age. The proportion of BME solicitors and female solicitors involved in new Conduct matters are lower than the proportions of corresponding groups in the comparator population.

New Conduct Matters - Firms

The following tables show the breakdown of individuals working at the firms involved in Conduct matters opened in 2012.

Data tables

The tables that follow give the diversity makeup of firms who were involved in Conduct matters. Each firm and solicitor within that firm is only counted once even if they appear in multiple Conduct matters. The total number of solicitors who worked at the 2,808 firms investigated for Conduct matters at the time when the matter was created has been calculated for each diversity category. As this is the first year we have produced information on this basis there are no accompanying graphs showing trends.

New conduct matters grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total
Firms 2,808
Solicitors
BME 7,914 (11%)
White 63,246 (89%)
Total of known Ethnicity 63,246
Ethnicity not known 6,613 (9%)
Total 77,773
New conduct matters grouped by gender
Gender 2012 Total
Firms 2,808
Solicitors
Female 37,071 (52%)
Male 40,575 (48%)
Total of known Ethnicity 77,646
Ethnicity not known 127 (0%)
Total 77,773
New conduct matters grouped by age
Age 2012 Total
Firms 2,808
Solicitors
22 – 30 14,424 (19%)
31 – 40 28,348 (36%)
41 – 50 19,315 (25%)
51 – 60 11,240 (14%)
61 – 65 2,794 (4%)
65+ 1,554 (2%)
Total of known Ethnicity 97
Ethnicity not known 97 (0%)
Total 77,773
New conduct matters grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total
Firms 2,808
With Disability 697 (1%)
Total 77,773

Key findings

A slightly lower proportion of BME and female solicitors work in the firms involved in new conduct matters than the practising population as a whole.

Closed Conduct / Outcomes

Conduct matters opened by the SRA can result in one of five possible outcomes which are shown in the data tables below as categories A to E.

Category A (summary closures) includes allegations that were provided to the SRA which upon initial assessment were found to have no evidence of misconduct or the details of this allegation were added into another ongoing matter. In these instances the matter is closed without any further investigation.

Category B (upheld) and Category C (not upheld) refer to conduct investigations which have been concluded one way or the other by a decision of the SRA.

Category D (referred to the SDT/ongoing action) is made up of:

  • individuals referred for disciplinary action by the SRA to the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT) which is an independent tribunal.
  • matters closed because the allegations are being pursued through other ongoing action (for example where a new conduct report is added to an existing SDT case).

Category E (other) includes matters which were initially closed but have since been reopened for further investigation; or matters closed without any investigation e.g. because the allegations fall outside the SRA's jurisdiction or the allegations will be investigated under another matter.

Data tables

Each individual is counted under each matter where they are listed as a subject individual in order that we can provide a breakdown by outcome. This is in contrast to the figures for subjects of new conduct allegations where each individual (or firm) is just counted once.

In our systems, there is one outcome recorded for each conduct matter even though a conduct matter may involve a number of individuals. Where the allegations are upheld in relation to one or more individuals, the outcome for that matter will be recorded as 'upheld' even if there are individuals who have not had the allegations upheld against them. Although our records for each individual will be accurate, when producing data about the outcomes of conduct matters, the numbers of solicitors shown in the 'upheld' column or the 'referred to SDT' column will not accurately reflect the number of solicitors found individually responsible. For example, if an investigation involves four solicitors and only one solicitor is referred to the SDT, the outcome for that matter will be recorded in the 'referred to SDT' column and the number of solicitors will be recorded as four because four individuals are recorded against that matter. This year we have improved the accuracy of these figures by linking to the decisions recorded against an individual. This will reduce the number of individuals counted when the outcome does not apply to them.

The table below summarises the outcomes for individuals in relation to conduct matters closed during 2012:

Number of individuals and outcomes
Category of outcome No. of individuals against matters Percentage breakdown
A. Summary Closures 377 20%
B. Allegation Upheld 143 8%
C. Allegation Not Upheld 780 42%
D. Referred to SDT / ongoing action 92 5%
E. Other 461 25%
Total 1,851 100%

Closed Conduct / Outcomes

The data in the tables below show the proportion of matters which were summary closed (377 in column A) and the proportion of matters which were either upheld (143 in column B) or not upheld (780 in column C). This provides a more meaningful picture of the proportion of individuals who had allegations against them upheld or not upheld by the SRA, as matters referred elsewhere for a final decision have been excluded.

Rather than a percentage breakdown which is used on the other tables within this report, this outcome analysis shows the percentage upheld and percentage not upheld for each group as well as the percentage of matters which were summary closed. For example, of the 397 BME solicitors involved in conduct investigations which we closed in 2012, the investigation was not upheld for 195 of them (87 percent). The percentage of each group who are subject to each outcome can therefore be compared against one another.

Investigations closed, grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity A: Summary Closed A + B + C: Total B: Upheld C: Not upheld B + C: Total
No. % Summary Closed   No. No. % upheld   No. % not upheld   No.
BME 57 20% 280 28 13% 195 87% 397
Asian 32 19% 169 19 14% 118 86% 137
Black 16 20% 79 5 8% 58 92% 63
Chinese 0 - 5 0 - 5 100% 5
Mixed 2 29% 7 1 20% 4 80% 5
Other ethnic group 7 35% 20 3 23% 10 77% 13
White 274 32% 851 97 17% 480 83% 577
Ethnicity not known 46 27%   169 18 15%   105 85%   123
Total 377 29%   1,300 143 15%   780 85%   923
Investigations closed, grouped by gender
Gender A: Summary Closed A + B + C: Total B: Upheld C: Not upheld B + C: Total
No. % Summary Closed   No. No. % upheld   No. % not upheld   No.
Female 110 33% 329 31 14% 188 86% 219
Male 267 27% 970 111 16% 592 84% 703
Unknown 0 0%   1 1 100%   0 0%   1
Total 377 29%   1,300 143 15%   780 85%   923
Investigations closed, grouped by age
Age A: Summary Closed A + B + C: Total B: Upheld C: Not upheld B + C: Total
No. % Summary Closed   No. No. % upheld   No. % not upheld   No.
22—30 11 37% 30 3 16% 16 84% 19
31—40 77 30% 260 35 19% 148 81% 183
41—50 104 25% 421 47 15% 270 85% 317
51—60 125 34% 368 30 12% 213 88% 243
61—65 33 26% 127 23 24% 71 76% 94
65+ 26 28% 93 5 7% 62 93% 67
Age not known 1 100% 1 0 - 0 - 0
Total 377 29%   1,300 143 15%   780 85%   923
Investigations closed, grouped by disability
Disability A: Summary Closed A + B + C: Total B: Upheld C: Not upheld B + C: Total
No. % Summary Closed   No. No. % upheld   No. % not upheld   No.
With Disability 5 25% 20 3 20% 12 80% 15
Total 377 29%   1,300 143 15%   780 85%   923

Key findings

The tables show that a higher percentage of white solicitors and female solicitors had their matters 'summary closed'. A slightly smaller percentage of BME solicitors and female solicitors had their cases upheld compared to white solicitors.

Interventions

An intervention is where the SRA takes control of a firm's practice, or part of a firm's practice, that the SRA believes is putting the interests of clients at risk. An intervention is not a disciplinary outcome for the individuals involved, but a regulatory step designed to protect clients' interests and client money. It may be that individuals from the firm intervened into are subjected to separate conduct investigations, although that data is not provided in the following tables.

The effect of an intervention in most circumstances is to close down the practice of the firm. It is an extremely serious regulatory action which is authorised by statute, and reserved for situations such as suspected dishonesty, abandonment of practice, breaches of the Solicitors Accounts Rules or incapacity due to illness or accident.

Data tables

An intervention is recorded against one or more partners of a firm (or members of an LLP, or directors of a company) who have overall responsibility for the practice. The tables that follow relate to the 37 interventions which took place during 2012, involving a total of 42 individuals. Each individual is counted once even if they appear in more than one intervention. Of the 42 individuals involved in an intervention 31 were sole practitioners with the remaining 11 solicitors being a partner or partner equivalent in a 2-4 partner firm.

Interventions, grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 10 (28%)  
Asian 7 (19%)
Black 3 (8%)
Chinese 0 (0%)
Mixed 0 (0%)
Other ethnic group 0 (0%)
White 26 (72%)
Total of known Ethnicity 36
Ethnicity not known 6 (14%)
Total 42 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Interventions, grouped by gender
Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 10 (24%)  
Male 32 (76%)
Total of known Gender 42
Gender not known 0
Total 42 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Interventions, grouped by age
Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 1 (2%)  
31—40 5 (12%)
41—50 17 (40%)
51—60 14 (33%)
61—65 1 (2%)
65+ 4 (10%)
Total of known Age 42
Age not known 0
Total 42 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Interventions, grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 0 (0%)  
Total 42 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The proportion of BME solicitors involved in Interventions has decreased each year for last two years. The number of BME solicitors involved within an Intervention is approximately proportionate to the comparator population. The proportion of male solicitors involved in Interventions is higher than the proportion of males in the comparator population.

Referrals to the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal

In serious cases of misconduct, the SRA may decide to refer a solicitor to the Solicitors Disciplinary Tribunal (SDT) which is an independent tribunal that adjudicates upon alleged breaches of the rules of professional conduct for solicitors. Not every solicitor referred to the SDT by the SRA will proceed to an SDT hearing, in some cases the SRA will reach a regulatory settlement agreement with the solicitor.

Individuals may be referred to the SDT in relation to several matters investigated by the SRA. The SDT has the power to strike individuals from the roll of solicitors, suspend a solicitor from practice and apply fines and reprimands. The tables do not provide any information about the outcome of the cases referred to the SDT. The outcome of SDT hearings and regulatory settlement agreements are usually published on the SRA website.

Tribunal referrals, grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 45 (32%)  
Asian 20 (14%)
Black 17 (12%)
Chinese 2 (1%)
Mixed 4 (3%)
Other ethnic group 2 (1%)
White 94 (68%)
Total of known Ethnicity 139
Ethnicity not known 41 (23%)
Total 180 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Tribunal referrals, grouped by gender
Tribunal referrals by Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 49 (27%)  
Male 131 (73%)
Total of known Gender 180
Gender not known 0
Total 180 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Tribunal referrals, grouped by age
Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 3 (2%)  
31—40 30 (17%)
41—50 56 (32%)
51—60 53 (30%)
61—65 14 (8%)
65+ 19 (11%)
Total of known Age 175
Age not known 5 (3%)
Total 180 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011  
Tribunal referrals, grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 0 (0%)  
Total 180 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The proportion of BME solicitors referred to the SDT has decreased from last year. The number of BME solicitors referred to the SDT is proportionate to the comparator population. The proportion of male solicitors referred to the SDT is higher than the proportion of males in the comparator population.

Late Accountants' Reports

Solicitors who fail to file an accountant's report for their firm by the required date are required to give the SRA notice before applying for their next practising certificate and the SRA has a discretion in such cases to grant or refuse a practising certificate, or to place conditions on a solicitor's practice. Responsibility for the delivery of these reports lies with the partners (or equivalent) of a firm and where a firm's accountant's report is filed late, the regulatory activity applies to all partners of the firm.

All cases of late or outstanding accountants' reports are included in the figures below, regardless of whether any further action was subsequently taken (such as the imposition of a practising condition).

Data tables

Each individual is counted once even if they appear against multiple late/outstanding reports.

Late accountant reports, grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 114 (19%)  
Asian 73 (12%)
Black 25 (4%)
Chinese 5 (1%)
Mixed 4 (1%)
Other ethnic group 7 (1%)
White 482 (81%)
Total of known Ethnicity 596
Ethnicity not known 77 (11%)
Total 673 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Late accountant reports, grouped by gender
Late Accountants' Reports by Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 188 (28%)  
Male 485 (72%)
Total of known Gender 673
Gender not known 0
Total 673 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Late accountant reports, grouped by age
Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 5 (2%)  
31—40 129 (19%)
41—50 215 (32%)
51—60 193 (29%)
61—65 88 (13%)
65+ 44 (7%)
Total of known Age 673
Age not known 0
Total 673 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
Late accountant reports, grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 9 (1%)  
Total 673 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

A higher proportion of BME partners return their accounts later than white partners and a higher proportion of partners over the age of 60 return their accounts late.

Practising Certificate Conditions

Practising certificate conditions can be applied to solicitors, Registered European Lawyers or Registered Foreign Lawyers as a method of regulation. Conditions are placed onto a practising certificate or registration and can restrict the ability to practise, the type of work which can be undertaken or impose other requirements or limitations.

Data tables

The tables show the number of individuals who have had conditions applied. Although an individual may have multiple conditions, they are recorded once.

PC conditions, grouped by ethnicity
Ethnicity 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
BME 84 (31%)  
Asian 45 (17%)
Black 35 (13%)
Chinese 1 (0%)
Mixed 0 (0%)
Other ethnic group 3 (1%)
White 185 (69%)
Total of known Ethnicity 269
Ethnicity not known 34 (11%)
Total 303 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
PC conditions, grouped by gender
Gender 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
Female 58 (19%)  
Male 245 (81%)
Total of known Gender 303
Gender not known 0
Total 303 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
PC conditions, grouped by age
Age 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
22—30 4 (1%)  
31—40 37 (12%)
41—50 114 (38%)
51—60 94 (31%)
61—65 28 (9%)
65+ 26 (9%)
Total of known Age 303
Age not known 0
Total 303 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  
PC conditions, grouped by disability
Disability 2012 Total   Changes between 2009 and 2012
With Disability 6 (2%)  
Total 303 Legend for the graph in the cell above - showing light to dark blue form 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012  

Key findings

The proportion of practising conditions imposed this year decreased for BME and younger solicitors. When compared to the comparator population, the proportion of practising conditions for BME and white solicitors is proportionate but a higher proportion of male solicitors had a practising condition imposed.

Appendix One – ethnicity groups

Ethnicity groups
Binary Group Level 1 Group Level 2 Group

White

White

British — English
British — Scottish
British — Welsh
White / European
British — other
Roma/Gypsy
British
Traveller of Irish Heritage
Irish
Any other white background

BME

Black

Caribbean
African
Any other Black background
Afro — Caribbean

Asian

Indian
Pakistani
Bangladeshi
Any other Asian background

Mixed

White and Black Caribbean
White and Black African
White and Asian
Any other mixed background

Chinese

Chinese
Any other Chinese background

Other

Any other
Asian / Chinese

Unknown

Unknown

Prefer not to say
Unknown
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