Qualifying work experience for candidates
All candidates looking to qualify through the SQE route will need to complete two years' full-time (or equivalent) qualifying work experience (QWE).
Qualifying work experience does not apply to qualified lawyer. Find out how they can become a solicitor.
What is qualifying work experience?
QWE must be in roles providing legal services that offer a candidate the opportunity to develop some (or all) of the competences needed to practise as a solicitor.
Work experience can be done in England or Wales or overseas, and it does not need to cover English and Welsh law. A candidate will need knowledge of this to take the SQE assessment, but they do not need to gain this specifically through their work experience.
In all cases, a solicitor or compliance officer for legal practice (COLP) we regulate must confirm a candidates' QWE.
We will not prescribe what full time (or equivalent) means. We expect QWE providers/employers to take a common-sense view of what they mean by full time.
Anyone can claim it QWE so long as it meets our requirements (see above) and there is no time limit on when QWE must take place. Candidates can gain experience during or after they sit the SQE assessments.
It can be in up to four organisations and paid or volunteer work. This could include time spent:
- on placement during a law degree
- working in a law clinic
- at a voluntary or charitable organisation or a law centre
- working as a paralegal
- on a training contract.
QWE must be grounded in legal work. So, if someone is working or training in a non-legal role in an organisation, it is unlikely to be QWE. For example:
- working in admin, IT, marketing, finance - albeit within a law firm or legal services provider
- doing a placement that involves a single, repetitive and limited task.
Also simulated legal services cannot count as QWE – it must be real life experience.
We have a useful template that candidates can use to record their experience and how it meets our competencies.
We will not advise as to whether an individual's situation is QWE. If in doubt, they should discuss it with the solicitor or COLP who will be providing the QWE confirmation. We have issued guidance for solicitors.
Find out more on how to get the best out of your qualifying work experience.
Qualifying work experience must be confirmed by one of the following:
- the COLP (if the organisation has one)
- a solicitor of England and Wales in the organisation, or
- another nominated solicitor of England and Wales outside the organisation but with direct knowledge of the candidate's work.
The solicitor does not have to hold a practising certificate.
It cannot be barrister of England and Wales unless they are also a solicitor or a COLP. It also cannot be a foreign qualified lawyer, again unless they are also a solicitor of England and Wales.
For each period of qualifying work experience, the relevant solicitor is confirming:
- the details and timescale of the work experience
- that it provided the opportunity to develop some or all of the prescribed competences for solicitors
- that no issues arose during the work experience that raise questions over the candidate's character and suitability to be admitted as a solicitor.
The solicitor confirming your qualifying work experience is not deciding whether you have met the prescribed competences for solicitors. SQE assesses whether meet our standards.
In light of current working arrangements, you might want to consider how you gain your qualifying work experience. For example, this could be using digital tools, such as videoing call and virtual meetings, to continue exposure to the competencies.
Candidates can gain experience before, during or after they sit the SQE assessments. They could even start gaining the necessary experience now and 'banking' it for when SQE comes in on 1 September 2021. There are also no time limits on when someone can claim experience as QWE.
Candidates only need to register their two years’ qualifying work experience (QWE) by the time they apply for admission as a solicitor. However, a candidate can now register any completed QWE if they need to. This might be because they are due to leave a role shortly or because they want to use a past role as QWE.
If you have started or passed the Legal Practice Course, or meet our transitional requirements, you can use QWE and passing SQE2 as an equivalent to a period of recognised training (training contract). This means you will be admitted as a solicitor under the LPC route, not the SQE. Find out more.
Please be aware that the first sitting of SQE2 will be April 2022. Find out more about the assessment.
- Taking advantage of the new flexibility about how and where you can gain work experience – using this to demonstrate you have had opportunity to develop some or all of the prescribed competences for solicitors.
- Talk to your current or prospective employer about what training and opportunities are in place for you to develop some or all the competencies in the Statement of Solicitor Competence.
- Talk regularly to the solicitor who will confirm, your record and resolve any issues with during your work experience. We cannot accept records that have not been signed by an appropriate person.
- QWE can help you pass the SQE2 assessment and become a qualified solicitor.